With the advent of cold winter, the cold and pneumonia caused by temperature change began to intensify and spread.
More and more people choose to use atomization therapy to protect their health and that of their families. But do people know what atomization therapy is?
Changes in Treatment Methods
In the past, you took medicine when you caught a cold and coughed. If you couldn't cure a cold by taking medicine, you would receive infusion. If infusion couldn't cure your cold, you would change to another medicine to continue infusion. Later, people gradually learned about drug resistance and began to switch to atomization therapy.
The biggest advantage of atomization therapy is its quick effect, and compared with the traditional infusion, it is not painful and easy to be accepted by children. Therefore, atomization therapy has become the first choice of many parents.
So, what is atomization therapy?
To be precise, atomization is a method to treat diseases, which is called atomization inhalation therapy. Atomizing device is used to disperse drugs into tiny droplets or particles, which are suspended in gas and enter respiratory tract and lung, so as to achieve the purpose of cleaning airway, humidifying airway, local treatment and systemic treatment
When treating with this method, children usually need to wear a special atomizing device, that is, a mask. The liquid medicine is dispersed like mist from the mask and then sucked into our lungs.
Compared with oral administration and infusion, atomization therapy can make drugs reach the lungs directly by breathing, without going through the whole body, and then produce effects after being absorbed by the body. In this way, the dosage of drugs needed for treatment will be less, and the possibility of side effects and adverse reactions will be greatly reduced.
For patients who need atomization inhalation treatment in general, the side effects can be ignored, because doctors set the atomization inhalation treatment time for patients according to their sickness condition, such as one week or half a month. Only those who need long-term atomization will have the corresponding toxic and side effects caused by drug accumulation.
Situation and Population of Atomization Therapy
Adults (including the elderly) and children can do atomization therapy, and even some premature infants with bronchial dysplasia often use atomization therapy.
Atomization is mainly used for respiratory tract infection, and the domestic guidelines point out that the common diseases that need to be treated with atomization drugs are as follows:
Acute bronchitis / pneumonia with wheezing
Acute bronchitis / pneumonia with expectoration
Acute laryngotracheal bronchitis
Cough after infection
During and after endotracheal intubation
The atomization indication of foreign guidelines will be more strict. In some diseases, atomization is not recommended if there is no strong evidence of evidence-based medicine to prove that the advantages of atomization outweigh the disadvantages. For example, for acute bronchiolitis, atomization drugs are often not recommended in foreign countries, but it is often mentioned in the guidelines that atomization drugs can be tried, and they can be used continuously if they can relieve symptoms.
Types of Atomizers
The atomization therapy is introduced. Do you know what atomizers are?
At present, there are mainly three kinds of atomizers on the market: Ultrasonic atomizer, compression atomizer, and vibrating screen hole atomizer.
It is not used in many places. Its biggest disadvantage is that atomized water droplets are often too large to reach bronchioles and alveoli, so its therapeutic effect is greatly reduced.
It is also called jet atomization. According to Venturi spray principle, compressed air is used to form a high-speed airflow through a small nozzle, and the generated negative pressure drives liquid or other fluids to spray onto the barrier, splashing around under high-speed impact, so that droplets become mist particles and are ejected from the air outlet pipe. This is the atomizer used in most hospitals.
Compared with the ultrasonic atomizer, the performance of this compression atomizer is much better.
1. High-efficiency oil-free piston compressor needs no cooling water during atomization, is free of daily maintenance, and is simpler and more convenient to operate. It is the atomization of the original drug without dilution, and has good clinical effect. There is almost no drug residue and the drug utilization rate is high;
2. The operation is more convenient. The product is equipped with a 2-meter trachea, which has a wide range of activities and can be used when sitting or half-lying. The atomizing assembly is light and convenient to wear and hold;
3. Atomization uses the original drug to atomize, and the amount of atomization inhaled in the relative treatment time is appropriate, which is not easy to cause swelling of mucous membrane on the inner wall of trachea, resulting in tracheal obstruction. Atomized particles are ultrafine, and are not easy to collide and combine, which is comfortable for human body to inhale and can enter bronchi, lungs and other tracheas. It has excellent clinical effect and is especially suitable for the treatment of lower respiratory tract diseases;
4. It is pure mechanical products with extremely low failure rate and low maintenance cost. The service life is long, which generally can be used normally for 5~10 years.
Another is Vibrating Screen Atomizer
It is silent when it works. Because of its small size, no need of alternating current and portability, it is regarded as an atomizer with high atomization efficiency at present.
This kind of atomization is called small volume atomizer (SVN).
This form of atomization generally has two disadvantages:
First, the breath carrying virus particles exhaled by children drifts in the air with water mist, which is easy to cause cross-infection to other children, and healthy accompanying personnel are also easy to inhale the atomized drugs;
Second, the drug utilization rate is not the highest, the floating drug, the influence of invalid volume (the drug remaining in the atomizer), and the insufficient driving gas flow rate are relatively low compared with the traditional atomizer.
Generally speaking, atomization therapy is not a panacea, so whether atomization should be done or how to do it should follow the advice of professional doctors. We wish everyone good health and a happy winter.
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Medical grade-professional compressed nebulizer